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Student learning physical therapy techniques

Pre-Physical Therapy

Interested in a career in physical therapy?

At the School of Science at IUPUI, students seeking professional careers in physical therapy are exposed to opportunities that no other school in the state of Indiana can offer.

Through comprehensive coursework, hands-on experience in the classroom and labs, one-on-one guidance from professors, and research, internship and leadership opportunities in the School, five surrounding hospitals, and the IU School of Medicine, graduates of the School of Science are well prepared for physical therapy school and beyond!

See Pre-Professional Programs

What will you learn?

Physical and occupational therapy schools do not usually require students to complete specific majors during their undergraduate years of schooling. However, there are specific prerequisites that should be completed in order to be admitted into a professional school and many benefits to selecting a biology, psychology, or physics major as you pursue success in the physical and occupational therapy fields, including: 

  • Pre-requisites for most professional programs often favor and lean heavily toward science majors. 
  • Often times, PT and OT schools look for students who have already completed an ample amount of job-shadowing in their respective fields. The School of Science at IUPUI provides students with the guidance, teaching and resources necessary to fulfill these requirements. By studying science at IUPUI, students have opportunities to work, learn and participate in research in the School of Science, IU Med School, and five leading hospitals surrounding IUPUI's campus. 

Many science undergraduate degrees are marketable to future employers even if the student chooses not to pursue professional schooling.

What will you do?

Physical therapists are allied health professionals who are dedicated to the rehabilitation of individuals with mental, physical, emotional or developmental disabilities or handicaps. Physical Therapists plan, organize and administer therapeutic treatment to patients suffering from injuries or diseases.

Prepare for a Physical Therapy Program

The School of Science office for Pre-Professional & Career Preparation (PREPs) will support you throughout the process of preparing for a physical therapy program. From advising you on pre-requisite courses and professional development activities to helping you through the application process, PREPs can assist you in every step.

Admission to physical therapy program is very competitive. You need to plan thoroughly from the start to be successful. The links below include detailed information on everything from the courses to the application process. If you are an IUPUI School of Science student, we strongly encourage you to make an appointment to meet with a pre-professional advisor.

Schedule an advising appointment


Prior to entering the DPT Degree Program, each student must also complete the following pre-requisite courses:

  • Statistics (must include study of inferential statistics) (1 semester) STAT 30100, PSY-B305, SPEA-K300 or other approved course
  • Human Anatomy (1 semester with lab) BIOL-N261
  • Human Physiology (1 semester with lab) BIOL-N217
  • General Chemistry (2 semesters with labs) CHEM-C105/CHEM-C125 and CHEM-C106/CHEM-C126
  • General Physics (2 semesters with labs) PHYS-P201/PHYS-P202
  • Introductory Psychology (1 semester) PSY-B110
  • Human Lifespan Development (must include study of birth to death) (1 semester) PSY-B310

Each prerequisite course must be at a level for science majors and must be at least 3 semester credit hours or equivalent quarter hours and be completed with a C letter grade at minimum.

If offered admission to the DPT program, Medical Terminology is also required and must be demonstrated by:

  1. Formal course work, or
  2. Online instruction with certificate of completion

Please Note:

  • Online courses are acceptable EXCEPT science courses with labs
  • Dual credit courses are acceptable if recorded on a college transcript with a grade.
  • Any AP course with a score of 3 or higher will be accepted to satisfy a prerequisite requirement.
  • Student may retake up to fifteen (15) credit hours of prerequisites.  The higher grade will be used to compute prerequisite GPA but all grades will be used to compute cumulative GPA.

Download a Pre-Physical Therapy Timeline to help you stay on track for physical therapy school!

Become a Science student

Entrance Exams

Graduate Record Exam (GRE) - Revised Test

As part of the application process, most physical therapy graduate programs require that you take the GRE revised General Test.

The Indiana University Physical Therapy Program GRE Requirement

The IU DPT program requires that you take the GRE prior to applying. While no minimum score is required for any component of the test, the verbal portion is weighted as 50% of the admission formula. (Neither the total score nor the quantitative score is taken into account in any way for IU DPT admissions.)

Gaining Relevant Experience

Professional Shadowing

Professional shadowing, or job shadowing, is another means of career exploration in which you observe a professional at work. With a professional shadow, you can learn more about a profession before you invest too much time preparing for a career that may not be right for you.

Research, Internship and Leadership Opportunities

One of the biggest benefits to studying science at IUPUI is the accessibility of our world-class professors, and the ability to participate in research and internships.

The School of Science at IUPUI offers various programs for students to become involved with both research and other leadership opportunities throughout their undergraduate experience.

One of those programs is the Life Health Sciences Internship. This one-year program provides students the opportunity to participate in both clinical and scientific research opportunities throughout IUPUI's campus and the surrounding hospitals and labs.

  • Internship Opportunities 
  • Research Opportunities
  • Involvement Opportunities
  • SCI-I-390: Health Professions Shadowing course is a 0 or 1 credit hour Satisfactory/Fail class that exposes students to the healthcare field through shadowing and being mentored by a healthcare professionals. Students gain hands on experience, basic knowledge and insights into the career of healthcare professionals.

Application Process

The IU DPT Application Process

  • The IU DPT program requires that applicants apply through the Central Application Service for Physical Therapists- PTCAS- Physical Therapy Centralized Application Service.
  • IU DPT application deadline: The program accepts applications from the beginning of July up to the beginning of October, for admission to the program the following fall. Refer to the program's website for specific dates. Try to submit all application materials several weeks before the deadline to allow leeway in case there is something you overlooked or need to correct.
  • Try to complete the GRE at least four weeks before you plan to submit your PT applications, in case there are any delays in score reporting.
  • All but two of the IU PT prerequisites must be completed by the time you submit your application to the IU DPT program. (Many other PT programs have similar policies.) You may complete the final two prerequisites in the fall and / or spring semester prior to the start of the DPT professional coursework.
  • You must complete all admission requirements, and the IU PT program must receive all your materials, on or before June 1 (including final spring grades) in order for you to matriculate into the program (i.e., start PT school).
  • Applicants who are not IU students need only to complete the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences application; there is no need to complete a separate IU application.

Updating Your Application

PTCAS has an "academic update" process, through which you may update coursework completed after you originally submitted your application. You can only do updates one time, so make sure you enter complete, correct information. Contact non-PTCAS programs directly with updated information.

Early Decision

"Early Decision" is an admission practice whereby programs admit a certain number of especially strong applicants well before the standard application deadline.

The Early Decision application option usually comes with some caveats. For example, some programs offer an Early Decision application option through PTCAS, but you may initially apply to one and only one PTCAS program, and then must wait until that program decides whether or not they will admit you. In the meantime, you will not be allowed to apply to additional PTCAS programs. If they do admit you, you are required to accept. If they do not admit you, you may then apply to additional PTCAS programs. An additional caveat may be that while you are waiting to hear back about your Early Decision application, you may miss the optimal application window for another program (but whether this is the case depends on the timing of rolling admission cycles, if any, for your other programs).

Admission Waitlists

If you learn that all spots have been filled, but that you have been put on an admissions waitlist, immediately contact the program to express your continued and enthusiastic interest. Not everyone who is offered admission, accepts. Therefore, programs often go fairly deep into their waitlist, so don't give up! Sometimes applicants who take the time to express continued interest are among the first to be contacted if spaces do open up. If after doing so you don't hear back for a week or two, feel free to contact them to again express your interest.

Physical Therapy Program Interview Questions

If you are unsure how to answer any of these questions, check out Step 2 of our Interviewing resources for detailed tips on how to correctly answer tricky interview questions.

Questions About You

  1. Tell me about yourself.
  2. What are your two best points?
  3. What are your two weakest points?
  4. What are three things you want to change about yourself?
  5. How do you handle conflict?
  6. Explain your leadership/research/volunteer experiences.
  7. What extracurricular activities are you engaged in?
  8. Which of your college courses interested you the most?
  9. What interests you outside of Occupational/Physical Therapy and getting into Occupational/Physical Therapy School?
  10. Where do you see yourself in five/ten years?
  11. What do you do in your spare time?
  12. Why did you choose the undergraduate school you went to, and if you could, would you do anything differently?
  13. What do you do to relieve stress?
  14. What course was most academically challenging for you?
  15. What life experiences have made you a better person?

Questions About Your Occupational/Physical Therapy School Goals

  1. Why do you want to be an Occupational/Physical Therapist?
  2. When did you decide Occupational/Physical Therapy was a good career choice for you? 
  3. What steps have you taken to confirm that you want to be an Occupational/Physical Therapist?
  4. What do you feel are the most important qualities in being a good Occupational/Physical Therapist?
  5. What opportunities have you had to observe an Occupational/Physical Therapist?
  6. How will you handle the stress of Occupational/Physical Therapy school?
  7. Outside of Occupational/Physical Therapy school, did you ever consider any other health profession?
  8. Why do you believe you have the ability to undertake the study and work involved in Occupational/Physical Therapy school?
  9. Explain the role of an Occupational/Physical Therapist.
  10. What did you like/dislike about the Occupational/Physical Therapy offices you have observed?
  11. What would you like to do if you are not accepted into Occupational/Physical Therapy school?
  12. What steps have you taken to acquaint yourself with the role of an Occupational/Physical Therapist?
  13. What aspects of your life experiences do you think makes you a good candidate for Occupational/Physical Therapy school?
  14. There are many specializations in Occupational/Physical Therapy, which specializations are you more interested in and why?

 Questions About Occupational/Physical Therapy Program

  1. Why do you want to attend this Occupational/Physical Therapy program?
  2. How are you a match for this Occupational/Physical Therapy program?
  3. Describe your method of learning.  How does this fit with the Occupational/Physical Therapy program?
  4. What schools did you apply to and why?
  5. What do you look for in a good Occupational/Physical Therapy program?
  6. Why do you want to go to school here?
  7. Why should this Occupational/Physical Therapy program choose you over other candidates?

Current Issue/Scenario Questions

  1. If you walked into a hospital room to work with a patient and they wanted to wait until a TV program was over, how would you handle the situation?
  2. You have a patient whose English stills needs some improvement and you do not speak their language, how do you overcome the language barrier to assist them with their needs?
  3. Provide an example of a time that you had to make an ethical decision. What was the situation and what did you do?

Personal statements

Most graduate and professional programs require a personal statement as part of the application process. The personal statement is an appropriate place to share your career goals, strengths, experiences, personality, and academic successes and obstacles.

Getting Started

Often time schools require a general, comprehensive personal statement. With the general personal statement, you are allowed maximum freedom in terms of what you write. This is the type of statement often required for medical or law school applications. However, business schools and other graduate schools often ask specific questions, and your statement should respond explicitly to the question being asked. 

Despite the type of personal statement you're asked to write, you need to think of your statement as an opportunity to show how you are unique among all the other applicants. A concise, well-written personal statement is going to carry more weight than one that is long-winded or difficult to read. The following tips will help you craft a compelling personal statement.

Get started by answering the following questions:
  • What is unique or impressive about my life story? 
  • What are my professional goals? 
  • What are my core values? 
  • What is the most compelling reason for the admission committee to be interested in me? 
  • What do I know about the field I am pursuing? 
  • What obstacles, disadvantages, or hardships have I overcome? 
  • How have I involved myself with the community? 

If you need help brainstorming ideas for your personal statement, our PREPs advisors are more than happy to help you get started.

Once you have answered the questions above, begin to fill out the following outline: 

Paragraph I

Begin this paragraph by explaining what motivates you to go to graduate or professional school. You should address some, if not all, of the following questions in your first paragraph:

  • Why do I want to go to graduate or professional school?
  • How does graduate or professional school fit with my career goals?
  • Why do I believe I am an able candidate?

Paragraphs II, III, IV

Your qualifications and participation in extracurricular activities make up the next several paragraphs. This is the body of your personal statement and should answer the following questions:

  • What activities have I participated in that are relevant to my career choice?
  • What are my academic accomplishments, skills, or interests?
  • What have I learned from these accomplishments, skills or interests?
  • What have I overcome? What challenges have I faced? 

Paragraph V

You want your final paragraph to show that you are looking towards your future. Make sure your conclusion answers to these two important questions:

  • In the next several years, how do I see myself evolving?
  • Why will professional or graduate school be an important stepping stone leading to my life's work?

Tips and Tricks

In addition to the information above, the following advice taken from Purdue's Online Writing Lab can also help you craft a captivating personal statement: 

Answer the questions that are being asked. This seems obvious, but if you are applying to several schools, you may find questions in each application that are somewhat similar. Don't be tempted to use the same statement for all applications. It's important to answer every question as specifically as possible, and if slightly different answers are needed, you need to write separate statements.

Tell a story. Create your application so that it shows and demonstrates who you are through concrete experiences, stories, and examples. One of the worst things you can do is bore the admissions committee. If your statement is fresh, lively, and different, you'll be putting yourself ahead of the pack. If you distinguish yourself through your story, you will make yourself memorable.

Be specific. Don't, for example, state that you would make an excellent doctor unless you can back it up with specific reasons. Your desire to become a lawyer, dentist, etc., should be logical and the result of concrete experience that is described in your statement. Your application should emerge as a rational conclusion to your story.

Concentrate on your opening paragraph. The lead or opening paragraph is generally the most important. It's here that you either grab the reader's attention...or lose it. This paragraph also serves as the framework for the rest of the statement.

Tell what you know. While being as specific as you can in relating what you know about the field, be sure to use the profession's jargon to convey this information. Refer to experiences (work, research, etc.), classes, conversations with people in the field, books you've read, seminars you've attended, or any other source of detailed information about the career you want and why you're suited for it.

There are certain subjects you should avoid. References to experiences or accomplishments in high school (or earlier) are generally not a good idea to mention in a personal statement for graduate or professional school, focus on something more recent. Avoid potentially controversial subjects (for example, religious or political issues). If your reader disagrees with you, your application may be unfairly scrutinized.

Do your research. If a school wants to know why you're applying to their school rather than another school, do some research to find out what sets your choice apart from other universities or programs. If the school setting would provide an important geographical or cultural change for you, this might be a factor to mention.

Pay attention to the technicality of your writing. Be meticulous. Type and proofread your essay very carefully. Many admissions officers say that good written skills and command of correct use of language are important to them as they read these statements. Express yourself clearly and concisely. Adhere to stated word limits.

Avoid cliches. A medical school applicant who says that he's good at science and wants to help other people isn't exactly expressing an original thought. Stay away from often-repeated or tired statements and stories.


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